栄養学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-7921
Print ISSN : 0021-5147
ISSN-L : 0021-5147
63 巻 , 4 号
選択された号の論文の12件中1~12を表示しています
  • 2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 175-179
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 奥 恒行
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 180-183
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 笠岡(坪山) 宜代
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 183-187
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 中村 丁次
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 187-190
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 伊達 ちぐさ
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 190-194
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 194-199
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 足立 己幸, 衛藤 久美
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 201-212
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    The term “shokuiku, which means food and nutrition education and promotion”, has recently come into nationwide use. However, its concepts and aims seem to be ambiguous. The officially stated concepts and aims of “shokuiku” are reviewed and analyzed in this paper.
    This analysis is based on the many definitions and descriptions specifying “shokuiku” in relation to understanding the importance of food and nutrition, choosing foods considered nutritional and safe, and developing eating behavior that will improve physical and mental health and human development. These objectives are reasonably consistent with the aims that have been applied to nutrition education. This analysis is examined by using “Shokuiku matrix”.
    Some descriptions place emphasis on the historical train of food production, transportation, disposition and reuse in the community. It is therefore necessary to approach “shokuiku” from the perspectives of both building dietary capability to develop a global image of nutrition and food choices, and of creating a supportive nutritional environment. We have defined “shokuiku” (nutrition education) as the effort for better and more harmonious coexistence between people's quality of life (QOL) and quality of environment (QOE) by educating on the whole aspects of food and nutrition history, building dietary capability and creating a practical nutritional environment. The expression food and nutrition history' includes that at the individual level, family and peer level, and community level. It is the role of the Japanese Society of Nutrition and Dietetics to provide further research and education for people in this context.
  • 武政 睦子, 市川 和子, 岡 悦子, 小幡 典子, 川崎 優子, 日笠 康子, 廣畑 順子, 藤本 清美, 森 美和子
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 213-219
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    In April 2002, the medical insurance allowances for certain practices were revised, and repayment of the cost of dialysis meals to outpatients undergoing dialysis was abolished. One month later, a proposal was made for the early retirement of nutritionists and administrative nutritionists in 30.8% of all clinics.
    One year after the revision to these medical insurance allowances, dialysis meals were still being provided to 66.6% of the dialysis patients: 73.7% of those undergoing dialysis during in the morning, 81.8% of those undergoing dialysis during the night, 73.9% of those living alone, and 76.7% of those with a dialysis history of 10 years or more. The most frequent reason for the continuing dialysis meals was “The time of the meal overlaps with the dialysis time.” The required patient payment was 600-650yen, and 13.7% of patients discontinued dialysis meals due to this “high” required payment.
    One hundred and seven dialysis patients were classified into those continuing with dialysis meals (71 patients) and those who had discontinued (36 patients), and their nutritional state was compared. Those who had discontinued meals showed a lower Karnofsky activity scale and a higher blood cholesterol level than those who had continued meals. The BMI, hematocrit level, and serum albumin level did not significantly differ between the two groups. One year after the revision to meal provision, those who had discontinued meals showed a significant increase in body weight gain during the period of dialysis compared with that before the revision (p<0.05) and they also drank significantly more water than those who continued with meals (p<0.05).
    Of those patients who continued with the dialysis meals, 85.9% considered that the meal content provided useful information on dietary control for preparing their daily meals. The meals provided during dialysis may play an important role in nutritional education and nutritional management.
  • 菊池 真孝, 柳沢 香絵, 奥本 正, 徳山 薫平, 勝田 茂
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 221-226
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    Aging is a highly individualized process, resulting in large differences in health and function. The importance of physical activity for maintaining health and successful aging is gaining recognition, and an increasing number of elderly people are now engaged in recreational physical activity. Although very limited, some are involved in sports and competitive athletic events.
    The present study examines the nutritional status of elite elderly Japanese athletes aged between 74 and 90 years (8 females 80.4±3.6 years; 7 males 84.7±2.2 years), including four world record holders in their age category. Dietitians recorded the diets of the subjects for three consecutive days at their homes, and the nutritional contents of their diets were estimated according to the Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan. Compared with age-matched individuals in the 2001 National Nutritional Survey of Japan (NNSJ), all nutrient intake, except for vitamin A by the females, was more than that of the sedentary individuals. Large individual differences were apparent in the intake in terms of food groups. However, the nutrient intake per 1, 000 kcal by the elderly athletes was similar to that by the age-matched individuals obtained by NNSJ. These results indicate that an enhanced energy intake enables the elderly athletes to achieve a high level of nutrient intake.
  • 須藤 紀子, 佐藤 加代子
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 227-233
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    全国の市町村保健センターの栄養指導担当者を対象に, 妊婦に対する飲酒指導に関する自記式アンケート調査を実施した。指導担当者の64%が「できれば禁酒したほうがよい」と指導しており, その理由として,「絶対禁酒はストレスになる」「絶対禁酒といえる根拠 (資料) がない」「付き合いやたしなむ程度ならよい」等があげられていた。また, 飲酒指導にあたっては具体的な量や時期などを示せることが望まれていた。妊娠中の飲酒に関する正確な情報が不足しているため, 妊婦や指導担当者が混乱している様子がうかがわれた。科学的根拠に基づいた飲酒指導ができるよう, 最新の知見をまとめて指導に活用していく必要があると考えられた。
  • 山本 由喜子
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 235-240
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    大阪府下都市部の6年生 (11.3~12.3歳) 90人 (男子41人, 女子49人) の肥満児出現率を日比式, 村田式, 学校保健統計式の3方法で判定した結果, いずれも10%を超えており, 高い割合であった。
    肥満発症要因としてまず第1に, 食事摂取状況を調べた。その結果, 全体では, 食物繊維摂取量が著しく少なく, いも類, 豆類, その他の野菜類, 藻類など食物繊維を多く含む食品群の摂取量が少ないことが示された。また, 脂肪エネルギー比率が適正範囲内の30%を超えており, 注意が必要であることが示された。また, 肥満児は非肥満児に比べてエネルギー摂取量が多く, 逆に食物繊維摂取量が少なく, これらが肥満と関連する可能性が考えられた。
    次いで, 子どもの肥満発症の第2の要因として, 身体活動状況を調べた。その結果, 肥満児は非肥満児と比べて, 特に学校生活時間内における強い運動強度の活動時間が短く, 身体活動が少ないことが示された。以上の結果から, エネルギーの過剰摂取と身体活動の不足が, ともに子どもの肥満と関連する可能性が示された。
  • 田口 素子, 鈴木 志保子
    2005 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 243-244
    発行日: 2005/08/01
    公開日: 2010/02/09
    ジャーナル フリー
feedback
Top