With regard to residential flooring products, which has been researched and developed particularly considering improvement of floor impact sound insulation performance in various ways. However, it has become a problem that wooden flooring materials, which is very often used recently, is too soft that impairs a foot step feeling. Judging from those habitabilitv of floors used under residential condition, the flooring materials which possesses proper elasticity, is required. As a measure for the present, flooring materials must be tried to develop considering relationship between human sense, floor vibration response and floor impact sound insulation performance and those needs to be evaluated synthetically. In this paper, we made the experiment on impact force time characteristics of a sole by foot stepping on a floor, which should become important parameter when relation of hardness of floor and sense quantity is examined.
One of the main reasons for the fact that cooling tubes are not being widely used is lack of data for designing the tubes. The purpose of this paper is to supply such basic data to designers. Firstly, 10 main cities in Japan are selected for the discussion of exit temperature and cooling energy of cooling tubes. Then, the thermal behavior of cooling tubes located in these cities is simulated. Regression analyses are carried out to predict the exit temperature of cooling tubes. Lastly the values of cooling energy for open and closed loops are presented.
In the design of HVAC system control strategies and control parameters should be choice to well match the dynamic performance of building and HVAC system components in order to maintain the indoor alr environment in rquired condition. The purpose of this paper is to show the effect of improper choice of control strategies and control parameters on the system dynamics and indoor air environment in a VAV HVAC system by means of dynamic simulation using HVACSIM^+. And in this paper controlability of VAV damper and VWV 2-way valve controllers those parameters are set by optimum setting method base on open loop response or dosed loop sensitivity is examined using HVACSIM^+.
To examine the effects of heat resistance in the liquid phase on the characteristics of heat and mass transfer in packed towers, a small packed tower was built and operated. The experimental data obtained were analyzed. Heat resistance in the liquid phase measured in cooling tower and heating tower experiments using water was low, and the effects of heat resistance in the liquid phase were small. In a heating tower using ethylene glycol, however, the ratio of heat resistance in the liquid phase to total heat resistance was higher; 0.4 to 0.45. Hence, in design calculation for heating towers using ethylene glycol, heat resistance in the liquid phase must be taken into account.
The purpose of this study is to make clear the fluctuations of water balance and BOD-loading in development areas, where the changing conditions of building's composition and the combination of water reuse systems and rainwater treatment systems. The simulation program, including monthly and weekly fluctuations, is developed to evaluate the fluctuations of water reuse systems. After this, case studies are conducted using this program. The results are as follows. Water reuse systems have large fluctuations when using rainwater treatment system. The fluctuations are leveled where office buildings and hotels exist in the ratio of 40:60 in development areas.
This study aimed to develop a method to compare alternatives of ski-resort planning. This paper reports the part worth function of ski-resort, and a case study that compared two ski-resort plan alternatives. To adapt conjoint analysis, the authors chose 6 attributes of ski-resort plan and generated 18 concept cards. These cards were ranked by 18 skiers. The level of importance of each attributes and the part-worth functions were calculated from the ranked order. Utility values that were sum of part worth functions and the use intention ratio of each concept card were mutually correlated. By regression analysis, two formulas that estimate the use intention ratio from utility value were made. Using the formulas two plan alternatives of ski resort in Hokkaido area were compared.
The aim of this study is to trace how housing for three-generation families has changed in the past half century and thereby to predict futures changes and obtain useful information for housing. In order to make a successive analysis of the part changes, 1300 examples of housing clans for three-generation families have been selected from magazines published since pre-wart imes an analyzed according to each period. The study has proven that the three-generation family characteristic of Japan will continue to exist and will continue to be the main type of family arrangements in Japan.
In contemporary city, although some traditional dwellings exist, most of the dwelling environments are created in modern way by urban designers and architects. However, are the residents satisfied with these? What living experiences have they gotten in their lives? Do they agree at that the new is better than the traditional? What are their ideal dwelling environment and what factors form that ideal image? We will search for these in this paper.
The aim of this paper is to improve a method for predicting the kind and number of community facilities around railway stations for their appropriate location planning. It is clarified that the distribution patterns of facilities depend much on four factors; the size of population, the land use zonings, the distance from the railway station and the existence of main street. It is also found that the model formulated by employing the theory of quantification I is applicable to predict the generation of community facilities around new railway station.
This paper aims to grasp the architectuaI knowledge to make a support policy to drama companies in Japan. We selected three research areas (Kansai, Sendai and Kitakyuusyu). The reharsal spaces where they occupy are distinguished three types. To classify the companies, we use two factors, times of performance a year and the collabolation types in creation of performance. The results show that. 1) The rate of the companies what occupy any reharsal spaces, is about 50% in Kansai and Sendai but the rate of those is under 10% in Kitakyuusyu. 2) The companies' needs in creation of performance are various each class and the situation of those cIasses are different each area.
The first object of this study is to make clear the actual conditions of nursing homes as the place for the final stage of one's life. And the second is to consider the architectural planning of nursing homes from the view of the final place of one's life. The first survey was carried out on 284 nursing homes in Tohoku region. And second was on 58. Further we carried out hearing investigations for staffs on 4. The main results of the study are abstracted as follows; 1) The length of terminal care is about a month. 2) About 45% of the residents in nursing homes died in affiliated hospitals etc., and about 35% of them died in their own nursing homes. These mean that for most of residents nursing home is the final place of their lives. 3) In many nursing homes, "observation room" is used as the place for terminal care. 4) Nursing home needs some special rooms for the use of attending on one's dying stage.
In this report we intend to illustlate the contents of the discourses concerning architectural design written by contemporary Japaneses architects, through investigating the articles in "SHINKENCHIKU" journal after world war II. From this point of view, we already reported several theses that clarify the contents of housing theories, urbanism, and desigh theories written by architects in the journal. In those theories, there are phrases expressing "Thoughts on Housing" "Thoughts on City" "Design Themes" "Spatial Conceptions" by architects. In the previous reports, such phrases are extracted, from each articles and their contents are compared with each other. This time we aim to illustlate the transition of the contents of architectural theories by contemporary Japanese architects, and the distinctive meanings of "Thoughts on Housing" "Thoughts on City", through synthetically investigating the results obtained in the previous reports.
Architectural terms in China's Dang Dynasty (618-907) poetry was analyzed and then compared with the Japanese poetry written during Japan's Middle Dynasty (629-1200). All architectural terms were analyzed in the context of poems. We analyze:(1) the variety of architecture and architectural terms in the Chinese poems; (2) the priority of outside space in the poems; (3) the meaning of 'gate' in Chinese poems; (4) the emotions of Chinese poets with respect to their home country; (5) the 'road' and 'castle' in the sense of outside space in Chinese poems; (6) the 'vehicle' and 'boat' in the sense of dynamic space in the poems; (7) the differences in expression between the Chinese and Japanese traditions.
In this study we attempt to explain villages of the Tonami Plain having a pattern of dispersed dwellings. Described in this paper as "dispersed villages" the pattern is not resulting from a cause and effect relationship, but rather as a generative system. We further attempt to make dear the spatial composition of the dispersed villages. First we divided all the villages into five categories, and looked at various areas of distribution and considered the corresponding location characteristics and development periods. Next we chose typical examples of each type, and analyzed their territorial configurations. As a result we realized that each type seemed to have a unique territorial configuration.
In our time, there are various family which are single-person-househoIds, nuclear family and extended family, etc.. In this paper we will clear up the lifespace of the extended family at rural house by researching the relation between the unit of family and lifestyle of 17th extended family. We cleard as follows: 1) The extended family inherit customary lifestyle which are eating, cooking, conversing and holding ceremony together with family. As another, the husband and wife or chiIdren of the extended faraily eat, cook, hold conversation and receiv by oneself. 2) The extended family inherit the mutual aiding that is customary lifestyle, Each member of family has one's part and helps to each other. 3) The extended family put much value on the living with extended family. 4) We conclude that the living with extended family will be inherited.
The purpose of this paper is to examine algorithm of Entropy Spatial Interaction Model judging by analysis of numerical, examples. We proposed new algorithm with fixed one zone of most different values from constrained conditions and computed other zone by changed values with little by little. Then we examine the solution by information theory, and found that R. L. Mackett algorithm does not give the optimal solution of model. Here we showed the applications of the internal energy concept to the spatial interaction model. We arrive at the conclusion that the algorithm gives the optimum solution in negative free maximizing problem.
Working conditions and workers physical strain in underground constructions were surveyed which were done by caisson or shield method. 23 cases on seven sites were surveyed. 4 cases of caisson and 5 cases of shield were constructed by compressed air conditions. The frozen soil method was adopted to one shield construction site. Followings are the results of the surveyes. 1. Sound levels that could cause temporary or permanent threshold shift were recorded. 2. Because of masking effect by noise on conversations in sites, it seems to arise the reduction of performance of works and disturbance of report in an emergency. 3. In underground construction sites in general, not only darkness but also glare is remarkable, and they affect on the work and fatigue by work. 4. Large rate of increase of puls frequency at work is recorded, that is inappropriate for the longer duration of works. 5. The narrow working space in the underground affects workers feelings of fatigue. 6. From the regression analysis between working temperatures and work stress, there are a strong relation between the cumulative temperature of workers and the subjective feelings of fatigue.
The following results have obviously been obtained from the study on the transition and the reason for the exit of master in Sinden Style Residence. 1. In the case of Higashisanjoden (one kind of aristocratic residence), Minaminokizahashi (exit at south stair) of Higashinotai (東対) had been principally used as an exit for the master. 2. In the case of residence of Kanezane, two kinds of exit had been properly used, 0ne is the Minaminokizahashi of Shinden and Chumonro (中門廊). 3. In the case of residence of Kinkata, the Chumonro was mainly used as an exit for the master. 4. From the fifteenth century the reason to use the Minarainokizahashi disappeared and since then the Chumonro had been regarded as important.
Minami-no-kizahashi (The south stair) of the Palace and the Chumonrou had been used as exit for the ex-Emperor, where Minarai-no-kizahashi had been used for formal outing while the Chyumonrou for informal one. As entrance Minami-no-kizahashi and the Chumonrou were also used where Minami-no-kizahashi was used for the host while the Chumonrou for visitors. It is from the last stage of the Heian era the Chumonrou had been used as exit.
Zuigenji temple in Fukui city is a well known temple which was built by Masachika MATSUDAIRA, the fifth feudal lord of the Fukui clan. The main hall was moved from the residential building called "Kozashiki", which was a section of the "Honmaru palace" of Fukui castle. The palace of "Kozashiki" was built between the thirteenth year of the Bunsei (1830) to the second year of the Tempo (1831) for Naritsugu MATSUDAIRA who was the fourteenth feudal lord of the Fukui clan. The main hall of Zuigenji temple is of great historical importance as it is only remaining building of the original Fukui castle.
'Stylel' was one of the new and important concepts in the Meiji era when the Western architecture was actively introduced into Japan. Japan had had several words which partially conveyed the concept of 'style', but had not the same word. This paper discusses the process of reception of the concept through the investigation of Japanese equivalents for 'style'. At the end of Meiji era, the word 'yoshiki' became generally to be used as a Japanese equivalent for 'style' just as we use it today. But before that, traditional Japanese words, like 'yo', 'shiki', 'fu', 'ryu', 'ha', had been used as equivalents for 'style' at the same time. Some writers used them each in its proper way according to the meaning of 'style' in the context.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between the image of the sort of person in Le Corbusier's architectuiral sphere and the principle of his planning system. The point which the author especially enphasizes is that his experience of the "Voyage d'Orient" seem to be an important fact to explain the principle of his planning system. He wrote to L'Eplattenier the solitude in a true artistique production not in the sense of solidarity in decorative art. It was in this context of solitude that the signification of spatial experiences in the "Voyage d'Orient" is clarified for his planning system. From this vue point, the Open Hand seems to be a worthwhile subject to investigate. In this paper,I visualize it, making a comparison with the principle of his planning system.