This study is to analyse spatial order of the dwelling of the Newar people that resides in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. Recently authors are continuing the field work in the Khokana village and the Bungamati village in the southern part of the Kathmandu Valley. The purpose of the field work is to investigate the dwellings, the succession of the dwelling life and its change.
The Newar believes in Hinduism and Buddhism. Moreover, peoples believe in the sprits if the dead and worship the ancestor. The way of life in original of such a mixture belief appears to their behavior and spatial recognition in the daily life and the non-daily life.
According to a case field work, a part of the hypothesis that authors were able to prove is as follows:
(a) In the life of the Newar, the conception of pure and impure and the ritual based on it exist. The conception of pure and impure exists under an special social form with which different jat coexists.
(b) The person always shifts between the levels of the pure, the middle and the impure. It is a level of the middle that the person spends most time usually. However, the person should be in the state of the pure when religious acts such as the god service, meals, and cooking are done. It is considered that the person becomes impure when facing giving birth, menstruation and death.
(c) The level of the pure, the middle and the impure is concerned spatial order that produces the composition the dwellings. In a word, the level of the pure and the level of the impure which is opposed corresponds to dual space concept such as the inside and the outside. In addition, an intermediate space exists between the inside and the outside. This space corresponds to people's behavior at a level in the middle.