This paper aims to analyze gathering styles characteristic of Indonesian culture. From fieldwork and the completed questionnaires of 30 Indonesian students and their families living in Japan, we found the following; 1) The families of Indonesian students often invite 10 to 20 guests to their Japanese houses or apartments and more than 50 to their homes in Indonesia. 2) Many Indonesian families have and use western style furniture. But when gathering in a home, they sit in a circle on mats (tikar) on the floor with males and females sitting apart from each other. This style is both in Japan and in Indonesia. 3) When they gather at a public hall for Islamic lectures, they sit on the floor in a circle, and males and females are separated. Gathering practices embedded in Indonesian culture are maintained in a Japanese environment.
This study is aimed to consider about appropriate location of facilities viewed from the relationship between planned facilities and naturally occurring facilities in Kozoji NT. We investigate the distribution and the transition of both facilities in each region within the NT and at the same time get the opinions about the facilities in the residential area among facility owners, the users and the inhabitants through the questionnaire survey and interviews with them. The results we found are as follows. 1. Supply of groceries and daily necessities are most demanding around inhabitants' homes because most of planned neighboring centers were not constructed. 2. Particularly young generation feels disappointed with service contents and assortment of facilities around their homes. 3. Naturally occurring small restaurants, cultural classrooms and medical facilities have become a place of communication and purpose in life among the inhabitants. Therefore we need to make the legal and UR Agency's regulations of the facility location less strict in the residential areas.
This paper aims to clarify the relationship between the residents' going-out behavior and locations of community facilities in aged and depopulated area by field survey, questionnaire survey, and interviews to the residents. The results are as follows. 1) In the area on the road to the central town are located many community facilities. 2) The condition of medical service is not good enough for aged residents. 3) Residents buy fresh foods in neighboring area, and they need not always buy rice and vegetables because they customarily exchange them with each other. 4) They buy daily necessaries, medical and sanitary articles, underwear and socks out of neighboring area. 5) About 80% of the respondents of questionnaire survey use cars to visit community facilities in surveyed area. 6) Car is the major means of inhabitants' daily movement regardless of distance. Allowable round trip distance on foot is less than 3km, and that by bicycle is less than 7km. 7) They feel anxious about their future when they cannot drive cars.
Data about the incidence of fractures in group homes for the elderly with dementia at 937 facilities was analysed on following aspects. 1) Per 100 residents per year, 60.0 residents had experienced a high fall, 9.7 had experienced a low-height fall, 4.3 had broken a bone during a high fall, and 0.3 had broken a bone during a low-height fall. 2) A meaningful decrease in fractures was found where average of residents' care level was ranked “over 3” in Japanese Long-term Care Insurance than ranked “over2 and under3”. 3) Comparing the rate of fracture, reinforced concrete structures with hard finished floor have a meaningfully greater rate of fall-related fractures than steel structures and reinforced concrete with shock absorbing materials under floor, and that steel reinforced concrete structures have a greater rate of fractures than do steel structures.
In this study, the possibility of community resource of facility for the elderly has been considered through the consciousness of local residents. The results are as follows. 1. Local residents' awareness of facility for the elderly could be explained by 4 factors, which are 'Resource of local community', 'Community contribution', 'Learning experience', 'Spoiling environment'. 2. The relation between local residents' awareness of facility for the elderly and their community attachment which consists of two factors -Preference & feeling, Desire of sustainment- could be explained as causal relation. 3. The condition of above mentioned relation differed from condition of site environment. 4. Above mentioned relation were most strong where the site is in the industrial area, and most week where the site is in the nature.
The following four points were found in a national survey of barrier free accessibility in lodging accommodations. 1. Wheelchair accessible guestrooms have been designed considering the maneuverability of wheelchairs. 2. Wheelchair accessible guestrooms are also used by guests without wheelchairs, and there is a demand for future room designs that consider a wide variety of guests. 3. The rate of installation of wheelchair accessible guestrooms is low. Providing barrier free accessibility in all guestrooms is required to create an environment that accommodates more people. 4. It is important to understand issues related to accommodations of different types of facilities and disabilities of guests.
This study aims to clarify the relationship between the change in spatial structure resulting from the development of Sapporo Underground Pedestrian Space and human behaviors, as well as their spatial cognition. The characteristics of spatial and distance cognitions and their change were analyzed by sketch-map experiment and walking experiment. As a result of the analysis, the following points of the characteristics of spatial and distance cognitions and their change have become clear. 1) The pedestrians' spatial cognition has been improved in accuracy. 2) The pedestrians' spatial cognition is getting more restrictive.
The purpose of this research was to explore the influence on user's behavior by conditions of location. The analysis of the cafe user as “The Third Place” can be understood by observation research. The Third Place proposed by Ray Oldenburg means originally the social surroundings separate from the two usual social environments of home and the workplace, but the cafe in Japan advertise as third place meaning private working spots. By grasping the influence on user's behavior in the cafe through not only the Third Place was mainly conversation proposed by Oldenburg but private working in the cafe, it was cleared that the conditions of location and the ratio of property have effect on actions of use as the Third Place.
This paper reports on changes in lifestyles and infill renovation of a multi-family housing complex built based on the idea of the Century Housing System (CHS) in 1987. The purpose of this research is to acquire knowledge of the adaptability and changeability of the infill system to extend the life of such housing. This is its first time that the CHS housing has been investigated since it was first occupied. The authors found that the building components which were designed to be used and replaced every 12 to 25 years were actually replaced in many units as planned.
We conducted a fact-finding survey of local residents' consciousness of their relationship to the community in suburban residential areas. We have summarized the results as follows. 1. We found a considerable number of residents whose life attitudes and mindsets were well-disposed towards contributing to community projects with regard to the provision of “hard” environments of the following: greenery and streetscapes, crime and disaster prevention, community facilities management, and child-care and elderly household support. 2. Comparison with residents of urban neighborhoods reveals that such “potential” is relatively higher in residential suburbs. 3. Findings from this study show that half of those surveyed in a target residential suburb demonstrate a willingness to participate in local organizations and activities concerned with developing both the “hard” and “soft” components of the their local living environment.
The purpose of this paper is to document changes of traditional pastoral dwelling house of Badain Jaran Village famers of Alxa Right Banner in Inner Mongolia. As the influence of government policies, life environment, economic environment and so no, the pastoral people's dwelling house was changed from the shift to fixed, the traditional dwelling house culture of pastoral people has been lost at the same time. I tried to analyze the change of pastoral dwelling house in following ways. 1. Which the connection between the grazing and dwelling house of pastoral people. 2. By using interview survey and field measurement of 38 families, the living actuality and patterns of housing form of pastoral people was become clearly.
This study aims to clarify initial measures and future challenges on historic conservation in Duong Lam village, Vietnam. Conservation works have been implemented after the designation of the village as a national cultural asset in 2005. However, in 2013, some residents petitioned for revoking the heritage title because of dissatisfaction with the conservation regulation. After a series of discussions between government and residents, a new regulation was formulated. In order to achieve a sustainable conservation effort, it is recommended 1) to expand the cooperation between government and residents, 2) to control new constructions, 3) to give back benefits of tourism to the local community.
The Companies' branch locations are selected by weighting financial merits and the work efficiency merits from the tenant views. The suppliers of new offices have tradeoff between growth of income and investment. The relocation reasons and objectives are characteristics of the each Office Center (Clusters in the CBD). The relocation flows between the Office centers came from the comparative advantages, such as the large scale building supply, traffic convenience. The Office Centers Long Term Positioning can be shown in the matrix of Growth of Accumulation and Diversification, also shows the Life Cycle of the Office Centers.
The existence of vacant stores are one of the major reasons caused the decline of shopping district. Challenge shop project is becoming more remarkable as the solutions to the issue such as the lack of successors and vacant stores in revitalization of shopping districts. we will separate Challenge shop project conducting as revitalization of shopping districts into five stages and systematize them based on the innovation-decision process. Once the five stages have been established, we will compare the state of measures by the mature stage as classification criteria, and points that are problems or issues of each stage.
This study provided the following knowledge regarding the plans desired by citizens for redeveloping regulating reservoirs into water-amenity parks: (1) Regulating reservoir users are very interested in waterside scenery. Increased overall user satisfaction can be expected if redevelopment enables water recreation activities. (2) Residents are willing to pay about 1,500 yen for a water amenity park; however, those living 800 m away from the reservoir are uninterested in development plans. (3) Most residents want an amenity park with a 5,000 m2 water area that allows water contact; 82.9% are willing to pay 1,500 yen for such a plan.
This paper analyzed characteristics of bill to amend the building regulation made by War Damage Reconstruction Institute after the World War II. The results are given follows; 1) As the first process, War Damage Reconstruction Institute thought coverage of the building regulation include in the city planning area. 2) In the next process, suggested bill distributed the thought of bulk control and architectural regulation. 3) Finally, War Damage Reconstruction Institute proposed the ideal draft include cooperation of the buildings.
The discussion was conducted focusing on the two rendezvous methods that cannot be missed on air ambulance dispatches. Based on the dispatch recording of air ambulance in the Hokusoh hospital, the flight time of air ambulance from the request to the arrival on the Rendezvous point was verified by each municipality. And the sphere, which is close to the current state of air ambulance dispatches by region, is analyzed and visualized. Hence the basic data was developed, that is available for building the existing area by collaboration of emergency vehicles and air ambulance for the emergency medical system.
This paper attempts to examine the intention of residence continuance in a historic landscape community under suffered risk of the Nankai Trough Great Earthquake and their supporting factors. A questionnaire was conducted among residents of the Kuroe-Funo districts, Kainan City. The main findings are as follows. 1) The deeper the residents are involved with the cultural capital of the community, the greater their risk awareness in the future disaster. But the residents' choice of living location is not always governed by the awareness. 2) What supports the intention of residence continuance are factors such as how convenient it is to have everyday necessities within easy walking distance, how much opportunity there is for incidental contact with neighbors, and the history of their livelihoods in the houses and on the lands they own. 3) Supporting factors of their intention are matters to depend on a specific geographical space.
The role of public housing has decreased not only practically but also institutionally. However, it is indicated that there are different functions of public housing in the city and local area, or that public housing should be restructured into social housing to provide affordable housing. The aim of this paper is to identifiy the role of public housing in the regional housing market. In this study, I formulated a statistical analysis by conducting Housing and Land Survey of Japan. Furthermore, I focused on the deviation of public housing from the average value of a Japanese prefecture on certain statistical indicators. The following are the functions of the alternatives to public housing: 1) Public housing in the city currently faces a limit; hence, the challenge of public housing is performing diverse roles and functions in the regional housing market. 2) In suburbs of large cities, public housing is independent of the regional housing market, and the existence of certain aspects in public housing will aid the welfare of societies in the future. 3) In local areas, public housing has a complementary function and is playing a similar role to that of the regional housing market.
Through this paper, three phase of the official length and foot ruler in the Nguyễn Dynasty is clarified; the first phase is the succession to the ‘mộc xích’ since Trần Dynasty period. the second phase is the authorization by borrowing the Mesures of rice paddy and clothes from the Ming and Qing Dynasty of China. the third phase is the subordination to the foreign policy and colonial rule by France as the adoption of metric system. And furthermore, it is clarified that the three official foot ruler and one religious foot ruler have the proportional relation to each other.
Through the chaotic time under the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and the confusion of the Vietnam War, the systematized techniques including the name of each components of the Imperial Palaces and culture has lost. This research is done basing upon the materials prior to the fall of Nguyen, the historical documents granted by the Emperor, and the glossary gathered through the interviewing the traditional carpenters. The aim of this paper is to grasp the changes and adaptions of the architectural term by comparing the name of chinese character with the name of vietnamese-specific language.
The fundamental idea within Aldo Rossi's architectural thinking is deducted from his earliest investigation on the neoclassical architecture, and consists of the following three moments: « realism », the new concept of « tradition », and the conceptual schema of « form - content ». These moments are intimately united in the city, and have the same common base: the Enlightenment reason. This idea consistently characterizes Rossi's architectural thinking, and is further developed according to other different contexts.
Based on the residence movement records this paper analyses the samurai residence policy during the Edo Shogunate 5th General administration period, Tsunayoshi Tokugawa (1680 through 1709), a time when the city of Edo developed into a metropolis. Tsunayoshi had an elder brother, the 4th Tokugawa Shogun Ietsuna, who adopted him. Since Tsunayoshi was the leader of the Tatebayashi clan, when he became Shogun his former vassals from the Tatebayashi clan were admitted as Edo Bakufu retainers. Here I will analyze these Samurai's residence lands. As a result I will show that even after the Tatebayashi clan was abolished, the former Tatebayashi clan's residence land were used as Edo Shogunate retainers land.
In this paper, I reveal the transformation of space in the hot-springs town with public bathhouses, in the modern times, by examining about Yamanaka hot-springs town with public bathhouses located in its main area as a case study. This hot-springs town had prospered since Edo period. Villagers were able to take a bath freely in the public bathhouses. So the public bath has the publicness and regional characteristics. In this paper, I focus on the custom about using the hot-springs since Edo period, and the changes related the social and the rights to the hot-springs, and a great fire happened in 1931, and urban recontruction plans after that.