In this study, being based on how much public housing estates are utilized by foreign residents, it has aimed to clarify the concentrated community of foreign households with living troubles and the measures of improving environment by local government through the case study of public housing estates at Isesaki-shi, Gunma where about 50 percent of the tenants are foreign households. To understand social phenomenon in public housing and to correspond promptly by local government are seriously needed, in order to prevent the excessively concentrated communities of foreign residents and the serious living troubles whose occurs as a result.
Past studies, which treated architectural space of psychiatric hospitals, discussed patients' healing environment based on long term stay in hospitals. But this study discusses therapeutic environment of psychiatric hospitals beyond the comfortable situation through the context of spatial awareness. The process of survey is divided into two stages. The first is making statistical analysis of the architectural basic data of 122 psychiatric hospitals and 141 patients' wards and their seclusion rooms, in order to obtain actual situation of the design of recent seclusion rooms. This survey has done based on plan drawings. The second is making concrete and detail design data of seclusion rooms, and obtaining evaluation of them from the view points of nurses. As a result, the discussion points for creating cure environment of seclusion rooms are found. Those are as follows; 1) Floor area, 2) Relationship between seclusion rooms and staff-station, 3) Vestibule, 4) Toilet design, 5) Observation corridor and windows.
A nursery room is divided into some places by the corner, and is used for multiple purposes. It is important to clarify relation of a corner and change of a way which plays. This paper aimed at the following thing. (1)The use characteristics of the corners are clarified by understanding children's play act in the corner. (2)Seasonal changes of children's play act is clarified. Behavior observation investigation according to video photography was conducted at four nursery room of two kindergartens. The play act under free nursing was checked every 2.5 minutes. Results are described below. #1 "Manufacture play" was a play act most performed in common with each age. On the whole, each corner was use appropriate for the purpose. #2 A corner serves as an exclusive use place. However, the play act is diversified by prolonged use. #3 From use experience of the set-up fixed corner, the child can make various corners variably gradually.
This resarch aims to reveal the depth perception on strereopsis pictures by using pictorial and binocular cue. Till now, the depth on two-dimensional image is commonly expressed based on pictorial cue, however human beings actually recognize space by means of combining pictorial cue with binocular cue. Thus, by using binocular cue effectively, we can recognize the depth of space more precisely and also could obtain a variety of ways to express space. In this reasarch, we will make a perceptual experiment with strereopsis pictures to understand the effect on depth perception from pictorial and binocular cue and analize the relationship between both ques and the depth perception.
This study analyses efficiency of businesslike work and psychological evaluation after we had subjects work in a simulated circular space. The aim of this study is to clarify the relationship between the layout of desks and the efficiency of businesslike work; also the layout of desks and a psychological evaluation in a study work space. For results, the efficiency of personal businesslike work is as follows. 1. It was found that the efficiency of seats near windows is good. 2. The efficiency of the Wall-type is better than the Island-type. 3. The efficiency of seats with intersection of eyes is bad. The results of the psychological evaluation are as follows. 1. In the Wall- types, the spatial evaluation is good, while in the Island-types, the emotional evaluation is good. 2. The psychological evaluation of seats near windows is better than that of ones near the corridor. 3.The psychological evaluation of seats with intersection of eyes is bad.
The authors examine differences in residents' awareness of a conservation zone with respect to the conservation system by time-series analysis. The main findings are as follows; (1) many residents are changing to affirmative awareness to a conservation zone. It affects it to maintain a conservation zone; (2) the changes of residents' awareness are different by attributes; (3) it is important that we examine time-series analysis of residents' awareness with respect to a conservation zone. If needed, we should remake conservation system.
Atsuta Basho, one of the 85 fisheries in Ezochi (Hokkaido) in Edo Era, represents a specific settlement formation process while its location was deliberately chosen in order to facilitate Unjoya, trading house equipped with accommodation for fishermen. This research based on the analysis of old documents and drawings executed by Kaitakushi (Hokkaido Development Government at the beginning of Meiji Period) leads to the clarification of unique land use system in Atsuta where indigenous ainu and Japanese immigrants shared living quarters along a river in Kotanbet. The reconstruction of the trading quarter in Oshorkot proves the juxtaposition of separated facilities such as Unjoya, administrator's houses and warehouses on an elevated terrace along the seashore. Comparatively wider ainu land property was maintained until the beginning of Meiji Period despite the diminution of its population. The expropriation of Unjoya by the Kaitakushi government suspended the private initiative of local governance by the contractor, Hamaya, who consequently developed Kotanbet area by implementing wider private fishery facilities there, and radically transformed the land use and townscape of Kotanbet- Oshortot complex.
Recently, many buildings which were constructed in the first stage of redevelopment project are under consideration of “re-redevelopment”, however without evaluation of their historic values. The purpose of this study is to clarify the historic value of the Fujisawa Ekimae Nambu Redevelopment Block. As a result, the following contributions to the development of planning are identified; 1) this project was a part of pioneering city-wide comprehensive survey and master plan, 2) patio style brock was realized by the combination of infrastructure planning and urban design, 3)three jointly-owned buildings were coordinately-constructed under the initiatives of the local government and the owners.
This paper analyses the accumulation process of small sized knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) in the suburbs of the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, with a focus on the outer-suburban KIBS accumulation at Kamakura-Zushi(KZ) seaside area. Through interviews with KIBS owners, following conclusions were obtained: (1) Most business owners in KZ area commenced their business career in central Tokyo, and later relocated their office to the current location in their 20's and 30's. (2) Major determinants of small KIBS location in KZ area were: proximity to owner's home town, personal familiarity to the place, better working environment compared to central Tokyo, flexible life style and the creative atmosphere. (3) Many of the business owners highly appreciate the value of the regionality of KZ area mainly for the following reasons: abundant opportunities of regional contribution activities, business opportunities generated from casual conversation with other corporate managers, mental rewards gained from nature and people and inspiration from its history.
In the Toyokawa Inari Shrine's shopping street area in Toyokawa, Aichi, Japan, townscape improvement project has been carried out since 2006. In this search, in order to analyze the effect of the shop façade renovation before and after the renovation is compared. A behavioral survey of passers-by examines the effect of the projects by observing how their walking paths were altered due to this project. The first two pilot projects evaluate the effects of renovation and the following projects examine how this project contributes to attract more people as was before.
This paper studies sun shadow impact caused by tall and medium height building using simulation methods and clarifies planning problems. As results of simulation analysis it is found that the existing control method on sun shadow does not reflect the height of building and actual shadow area of adjacent lots. Then it is difficult for the existing control method to control sun shadow impacts caused by a certain height buildings. On the other hand, the real sun shadow area increase proportionally according to the building height and it could control sun shadow impact on the adjacent lot appropriately.
This paper aims at clarifying the relation between social capital and the residents' attitude related to amenity of living environment. Questionnaire surveys to the residents were used on new-developed residential areas and existing villages in local city suburb. The following results were obtained: 1) Residents in the new-developed residential areas are less social with people, less participating in social activities, and having lower evaluation for amenity of their living environment than the resident in the existing villages. 2) In the new-developed areas, the major factor of the attitude related to amenity of the living environment is the satisfaction with convenience. In the existing villages, the major factor is the social capital.
In Korea, most traditional houses were built in wooden post and beam construction. However, after WW2, wooden construction decreased, and reinforced concrete flats became common. Thus, both workers and lumber for wooden construction are in short. However, after 1990, hundreds of wooden frame houses started to be constructed per year; after 2005, even wooden post and beam houses increased. Furthermore, Korean government started wooden post and beam house development projects. This study discusses actual situations of wooden construction system in recent Korea, such as government, carpenters, lumber, among others, in particular wooden post and beam construction.
In this paper, the authors describe a method of pre-cut components in finishing the interior works using 3D laser scanner. To implement the pre-cut is required for the following three methods. Firstly, the authors develop the benchmark system for matching three coordinate system ― existing building, point clouds and 3D CAD. Secondly, the authors develop the method of automatically seeking the couple of the targets for transforming the coordinates. Thirdly, the authors develop the design method by polygon model. The authors scanned the reinforced concrete building and then applied those methods using 3D laser scanner.
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the problems in circulation planning of community center that related to the weekly using time of activity spaces. Analysis the relationships between spatial arrangements and utilization of activity spaces, the conclusive results as: 1. The space area and the length of weekly using time are not related to positive correlation. 2. The users' route “from entrance to activity spaces” is strongly relevant to the weekly using time of activity space. The effects of the routes from activity spaces to “utilizing type service spaces” (esp. toilet space) are comparatively inconspicuous. 3. The spatial arrangements of “Type C-I” and “Type A-I” could be considered as properly circulation planning and design. There has no necessary to pass through other activity spaces in “routes of entrance to activity spaces” and “routes of activity spaces to utilizing type service spaces”. And the utilization of these activity spaces has been proved better than other types.
This paper is intended an investigation of the town house without girders in the ‘Rakuchu Rakugai-zu’ Screen of Rekihaku “A” version. Although the construction method without girders was made possible by using dug-standing pillars or erecting a pillar on a foundation, there was no example in pictures historical records of ancient times to medieval times. Moreover, the method of construction is not used in the present construction. Therefore, the existence has been regarded as questionable. However, the roof truss of the Suda's residence in Muko-shi, Kyoto is similar with the construction method without girders. This example shows that the construction method without girders could be built. It seems reasonable to suppose that the construction method without girders was made by the intention to the simple building of the Age of Civil Wars.
This paper consider the width and the usage of the place of the Shinto Kanjo and the building which held Shinto Kanjo. Main Points are forrowings; 1. The Shinto Kanjo Dojo had indispensable width from adornment and an ideal form. In fact, the Dojo changed its form and the width according to the building. 2. The Shinto Kanjo was held in Buddhism temple and worship hall at Shinto shrine. 3. Especially about Kangakuin and Sanbugongen shrine in Hasedera, the figure on which the relation of Dojo and building was drawn remains, and it showed the usage.
The study was to find out what was the determinant of the 5 types of Okura-syo owned by the Kaga Domain in the Noto Province from various viewpoints including “defense”, “geographical conditions”, and “transportation of goods and materials”. The study identified three determinants of the types. The key factors that determined the types of Okura-syo were “the situation of internal politics”, “the situation of the state”, and “climate of the peninsula”.
The target of this paper is to explicitly analyze the existing forms of Munamochi-bashira in the post-and-lintel construction among traditional structures in the northern China. The analysis on the measured data of the existing ancient buildings shows that the Munamochi-bashira construction exists in the remained-architecture of post-and-lintel construction. The Munamochi-bashira construction can be also found in the Chinese classical architectural book of “GONG CHENG ZUO FA ZE LIE”. The Munamochi-bashira construction as one of the most original building structures was used in the traditional wooden structures particularly in the northern China.
Through the comparative study of architectural styles between the extant remains and their description in the “Khâm din Dai Nam hôi diên su lê”, this article classifies the architectural styles in four elements that determine the basic structure; (1) the double ridge, (2) the layers, (3) “重簷” (Trùg Diêm, double-roofed) and (4) “重梁” (Trùng Luong, stacked beam). As a result of this classification, the fact that each building type and status was also determined by those four elements has been clarified.
The main street Viale dei Colli designed by the architect Giuseppe Poggi was one of the largest projects of the city planning after Florence became the Capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1865. This street has been mainly evaluated from the view point of landscape on studies in Italy. In this research, Poggi's consideration for the upgrade of the transportation infrastructure, for the flood prevention, for the water supply and for the expropriation of land will be clarified.
This study deals with the architectural method of Josep Maria Jujol,one of the most important architect in Catalonia,at the beginning of the 20th-century. With this purpose,this paper treats CASA BOFARULL designed by Jujol in order to investigate the essence of his creative attitude and architectural method. The intention of this paper is to expound Jujol's architectural thought by examining the building designed by Jujol directly and to make clear his design method and architectural thought.
The laity participated in the redevelopment, implemented in the governance approach, of Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church in Hong Kong from 1997 to 2001. The project was managed by the Diocesan Building and Development Commission founded in 1995. The manner of the involvement differed: they were building professionals or non-professionals, and belonged to the Diocese or the parish. The laity of the Diocese managed the project as professionals. The laity of the parish designed certain spaces as their own places according to their own needs, while the clergy were solely dedicated to the design of the liturgical space.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of curator through Arthur Drexler's works on exhibition “Japanese Exhibition House” in the Museum of Modern Art, New York. This study focuses on his preparation of the exhibition, relationships to contributors, and requirements to the architect. Through this study, his role as a curator becomes clear in following points: 1. Thorough research based on on-site observation, 2. Persuasive financial management. 3. Respectful discussion with architect.
Biwako Canal in Kyoto City was constructed in 1890 in order to develop the water power for the electricity, wheels and transportation by ships around the eastern district of Kamo river. This area was firstly planned as an industrial center by the Governor Mr. Kunimichi Kitagaki. With the exchange of the purpose on canal from water wheel to hydroelectric power, the urban development had a structural change. This paper shows that in the eastern district of Kamo river, especially around the pool for transportation by ships, many of water wheels were concentrated for the rice polishing and then transported to copper industry. The transfer of the water rights of the stakeholders and the transformation of the industries are discussed based on the newly discovered archives.
In recent years, the institutional arrangement towards secondary use of government statistics is progressing. In this study, statistics analysis about seismic reinforcement of houses using the national housing and land survey was conducted. Specifically, relationships between the index of seismic reinforcement (seismic diagnosis, seismic strengthening works and new housing provision) and residence attributes (housing structure, construction year, family structure and income) were clarified. Finally, consideration about the calculation frame of a future housing earthquake-proofing rate and the policy significance of seismic reinforcement was conducted.