Following municipal mergers in the Showa and Heisei eras, major cities in the Chugoku region required the revitalization of central areas and the promotion of mountainous areas. Owing to the decline in population in the surrounding areas, reorganization of public utility facilities is underway in the four new cities formed by the merger of more than six towns and villages. Special merger funds were used for facilities such as city halls, schools, optical networks, and roads. These new cities are developing with projects such as opening medical nursing school, creating zero-carbon city, and forming small-scale multifunctional autonomy.
In this study, the operation information and registration information of 2042 Elderly Housing with Supportive Services cases are used to analyze the corresponding situation for end-of-life care and severe dementia(hereinafter, “ECSD”) by attached services and staffing. The results are as follows: According to the different attached services and staffing, there are obvious differences in the corresponding situation of ECSD. Specifically, the Elderly Housing with Supportive Services that provide ECSD have a home-visit services, and the staff members also serve as resident staff. On the other hand, outpatient rehabilitation facilities and small-scale multi-functional service homes have a low response rate for ECSD.
The characteristics of special-needs schools that are attached to elementary, junior high, and high schools, as well as their collaboration and facility sharing, were examined. The results are as follows: 1) Analysis of 1162 special-needs schools clarified the factors that make it possible for special-needs schools to be “ attached ” depending on various social conditions. 2) Through case studies, the characteristics of attached special-needs schools, such as curriculum, shared facilities and collaboration by type of attachment, exchange classes, and the gap between the aims and awareness of the actual situation were clarified.
We are developing a voice navigation system for persons with visual disabilities. To ensure speedy and accurate arrival at the destination, we conducted two experiments in an actual commercial facility to evaluate the success or failure of turning and travel time. In Experiment 1, we quantitatively clarified that the success or failure of turning is affected by localization error, user's visual function, and the presence of landmarks. In Experiment 2, we obtained the regression equation for travel time using the presence of landmarks as explanatory variable, which showed that the presence of landmarks reduces travel time.
The dynamism of Tokyo’s commercial streets with diverse shopping building facades creates an attractive streetscape where buildings, people and public spaces converge at eye level. The urban environment generated by the wide sidewalks is considered an element involved in the quality of pedestrian-centered public spaces. This research aims to clarify the ephemeral aspects of the streetscape of Omotesando, focusing on the composite characteristics of building facades, outside spaces, sidewalks and pedestrian activities on the Street Surface. The findings suggest ephemerality in different levels of the patterns creating representative scenes in Omotesando.
1. In this reconstruction, multiple options were given as a living base before permanent housing. On the other hand, the system was designed to disperse residents, and the possibility of encouraging outflow from the district was confirmed.
2. 28 routes to permanent housing existed. The most frequently chosen route was “shelter → prefab→ permanent housing. However, this route was chosen by only a quarter of the respondents.
3. For households rebuilding to outside the district, the route “shelter → rentable temporary housing → permanent housing” was the most common route.
Aiming to solve sanitary and security issues, the Japanese colonial government in Taiwan started to set up yukaku (red-light district) in each city in 1896 and allowed prostitutes to do their business only inside the area. It also provided the rough location planning of colonial cities far earlier than other urban policies or plannings. In total, 34 “yukaku designated areas” were identified in 16 cities of colonial Taiwan. The meanings and grounds of each location changed in response to the progress of urban planning or development, and the location of yukaku designated areas also influenced the implementation of urban plannings.
In order to address the strong housing demand of urban residents in China, a comprehensive reform of the housing supply system was carried out in 1998. The supply of urban housing, which had been under the control of the state until then, subsequently led to an explosive expansion of the real estate industry, resulting in the provision of commercially-oriented housing. However, this also gave rise to numerous problems. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the issues that arise between the types of housing being supplied and the demand predicted based on the actual urban population dynamics.
This study clarified and considered the process of building relationships with local communities in the process of developing and operating nursey facilities, mainly through a questionnaire survey of facilities in one municipality.
From this study, there were no cases in which the method of maintenance was a direct trigger that led to active interaction with the community during the operational stage. However, there was one case where the lack of opportunities for communication affected the quality of childcare during the operational stage. Therefore, it was noted that building relationships with the local community is necessary during the development stage.
Inheriting and developing unique local streetscape enhances the sustainability, individuality and competitiveness of the district. I conducted a survey of residents etc. in five streets/alleys in the Kagurazaka, a vibrant shopping street and traditional alley neighborhood in Tokyo. The results of the survey were statistically analyzed, and with the results of separate streetscape surveys, the evaluation of the local streetscape was obtained for each street/alley, from both the physical and social aspects. Furthermore, I clarified the factors that contribute to the local character of the area and obtained knowledge that can be used to consider streetscape inheritance measures.
This study analyzed survey data on the citizens' willingness to participate in conventional crime prevention activities and "nagara-mimamori" (add-on neighborhood watch) with the aim of gaining insight into expanding participation. Approximately one in ten respondents participated in conventional activities, and 30% had the intention to participate. Although many of the participants were older adults, those raising children tended to be more willing to participate. Almost all respondents had the intention to cooperate in "nagara-mimamori" activities. While there were differences in the demographics of the cooperators depending on the type of "nagara-mimamori", most were positive about community activities using new technologies.
In the Tenjin area of Fukuoka city, where commercial and business functions are concentrated, a three-dimensional walkway network has been constructed not only between the ground and underground networks but also on the ground with connecting pathways between facilities built over the streets through cooperative development by private companies. This study confirms the characteristics and effectiveness of this multi-level walking network through the construction of three-dimensional walking network data, visual expression and quantitative analysis of correlations with actual pedestrian traffic volume using Straightness and Betweenness Centrality.
ICT is a key technology for improving the productivity of building construction management work. While many ICT tools for construction management work have become available in recent years, they have not been fully effective. This may be due to the fact that the needs and conditions of Japanese construction sites are not fully matched with the characteristics of ICT tools. This paper describes the conditions that should be considered when adopting ICT tools for construction management work. We will then describe an effective method for selecting ICT tools after clarifying the conditions of each construction project through simulation.
The author proposed the methodology of scheduling and allocating resources in the construction process with alternative plans on activities and precedence relationships, and also alternative work methods in activities. To resolve the optimal schedule and resource allocation problems, the author applied mathematical optimization method, and confirmed that the methodology proposed would be a useful tool to optimize the construction process.
This article examines the estimation of nails in building specifications and estimates in the official records of the Dajokan in the early Meiji period. The following points become clear.
Nail estimates changed from a per nail estimate at an early stage to a coefficient, and then to a lump sum nail cost, an estimate included in the carpenter's manpower cost. This dizzying change in nail estimates was due to the introduction of new construction techniques and the spread of low-cost Western nails.
In 1725 a publisher Sebastiano Giannini published a book named Opus Architectonicum. It describes Casa dei Filippini in Rome built by Francesco Borromini with many plates.
And it is said that the Opus Architectonicum was made on the basis of Opus manuscript (una piena relatione della fabrica) that was made by Borromini and his patron Virgilio Spada in 1646-1647.
The text of Opus Architectonicum is similar to the text of Opus manuscript. However, they are very different about plates. In fact the organization of plates of Opus Architectonicum came from Giannini’s original idea.
This article examined about The Imperial Hotel New Building Tokyo designed by Teitaro Takahashi, focusing on the seven perspective drawings discovered newly and one perspective drawing already published by Kenjiro Maeda.
It’s following points to become clear.
1. The shape and story of the tower part and the podium part changed in three stages.
2. The façade design changed from a design with many Japanese-style decorations to a design with less decoration.
3. Analysis of the social situation and functions behind the design, the designer’s intentions, and the hotel’s strategy, etc.
This paper clarifies the reality of foreigners acquiring land and establishing residential areas in Kitano-cho and Yamamoto-dori, which developed after Kobe Port opened. At the time after the 1899 treaty revision, foreigners secured land by establishing superficies on land owned by Japanese people in kinship with foreigners before treaty revision and by Japanese working for foreign trading companies. Furthermore, by Meiji-period-end, some foreigners established Japanese corporations and acquired land ownership in the name of their corporations. Thus, some facilities built on such land, including some foreigners’ residences, hotels, and hospitals, remain as ijinkan(historical Western-style residences).
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the residential conditions of the elderly at their houses as historic buildings and the issues of their future residence, by the case study in the Iriki preservation district of historic buildings, Kagoshima. This study took three steps. First I carried out the survey of the 14 historic buildings where the elderly persons lived in the Iriki district, next devised a workshop method that simulated reconsideration of current room usage at a model of Iriki traditional house considering the change of physical condition of the elderly. Then the workshop was held in Iriki.
In this study, a total of 28,800 random tree placement models were generated from combinations of 12 tree shapes and 8 stages of green coverage, assuming a site of 50m square. Then, using the generated model, a Monte Carlo simulation of green visibility calculation was performed to obtain an expected value of green visibility rate for each condition. In addition, the calculation results were expressed in figures and estimation formulas so that they can be easily referred to actual tree placement plans. These achievements have made it possible to plan tree placement based on the scientific index of green visibility.