This study aims to clarify home environment modifications corresponding to the conditions of elderly people with dementia. A mail survey to 2000 cares managers. We investigated the present situations of home environmental modification in the questionnaires the mail survey which had twenty-five items. 254 elderly people were classified into four groups based on the eight items, adapting SOM. The four groups were “High-walking and high-orientation level”, “Middle-walking and middle-orientation level”, “High-walking and low-orientation level”, and “Low-walking and low-orientation level”. We found the characteristics of effectiveness of home modifications.
We focused to develop the low-vision environmental simulation system in which subjects could experience moving through the environment in the condition of low vision. In this study, we have made the fundamental experiments on the validity of the environmental simulation system to evaluate the spatial legibility and the accessibility for low-vision person.We had examined three kinds of experiments as follows. 1. First experiment is measuring Reproducing Low-Vision (R-vision) with picture effect. 2. Second experiment is a validity study about the recognition of signage, steps and stairs. 3.Third experiment is a validity study about the way-finding in common space. Each experiment had been done with 40 subjects including 4 comparative groups of vision 0.6, 0.3, 0.1 measured by Landolt C.
This study is focused on“Day-home”community-care project by neighborhood associations in Fukui city. The purpose is to clarify the user characteristics, to carry out three social experimental projects (increasing the place, increasing the frequency, and improving the activities), and to verify its effect by the questionnaire investigations. The typical results are as follows; 1.Day-home-user tends to desiring of going out and the regional activity participation. 2. It became the chance of the new user development by the projects. 3.There are some issues of the hall securing and the manpower shortage though there are constant effects in the projects.
60 years have passed since the Community Learning Center of Japan (KOMINKAN) is established. There have been several published works and related discussions in the field of social education. However, in the area of architectural planning, there are few studies related to such discussions. Therefore, this paper aims to analysis of documents from the social education field, and considers the subject from the viewpoint of architectural planning. Furthermore, the study only manages the lobby spaces in the KOMINKAN. The analysis procedures taken were: (1) Research on the current situation of lobbies, (2) Understanding of the lobby development process through references, (3) Architectural planning analysis of the lobby development process, and (4) Deliberation on the universality and issues regarding KOMINKAN lobbies. Conclusions were made on the following points. 1) Awareness of KOMINKAN lobbies from a social education perspective. 2) The nonexistence of a fixed form for KOMINKAN lobbies. 3) Issues regarding the current situation of KOMINKAN lobbies. 4) Universal function is conversation, display, and consultation in KOMINKAN lobbies.
The village, which has to face natural disasters such as floods and snow storms, usually has its special way of dealing with the harsh natural environment. These facilities can not only protect the village from disaster, but also form a beautiful landscape in the locality. On the other hand, instead of using local materials, modern construction technology is also change the applied for environmental management, which makes large change of landscape, especially around the production area. The feature of this study is to consider linking the village landscape with local material and environmental management technology. The purpose of this study, taking Akaishi district in Toyooka City, which has suffered floods many times, focus on the local material basalt rock, to clarify what influences the landscape changes in the environmental management technology using local materials. And to clarify the relationship between the local materials and environmental management technology and village landscape.
This article is a study to consider the way of reconstruction by the Collective Relocation Project after a disaster. We conducted a questionnaire for residents who experienced the project. The results were as follows: 1) There are multiple types of collective relocation. The problem of relocation of the whole village is that there are residents who chose to move based on a negative motive. But public housing was supplied by the project and this supported the relocation of low income residents. 2) The problem of spotty partial collective relocation is that some residents must remain because of economic reasons. Remaining residents generally showed a lower intention of settlement. 3) It is important for adopting the Collective Relocation Project to make clear whether relocation of the whole village is unavoidable and to support the relocation of low income residents who want to move.
The aim in this study is to clarify a size distribution of fukugi trees in the villages by measuring tree trunk, and use of fukugi as building materials by hearing from residents. It was surveyed in 13 areas in Okinawa. The size distribution in each survey area was similar in spite of a difference of their historical backgrounds. This seems to be caused by cutting trees following the shortage of commodities for several years after war. In those days, cutting fukugi trees not only supplied building materials to residents but also brought a safety windbreak forest surrounding houses.
It is generally assumed that the land price in a redevelopment area would rise and one in its surroundings would go up with it. However, a large building in a redevelopment area may cause the neighboring land price to fall. The aim of this study is to investigate this influence of redeveloping on the neighborhood by examining the population dynamics and comparing their annual land prices. The results reveal that there is a clear effect that the redevelopment area decreases the land price in the neighborhood, although it has population growth and its land price up.
The purpose of this research is to read the pattern of Similarities and Differences in traditional townscapes in Kyoto using Common Lisp Object System (CLOS). First we extract the distribution of signs in townscapes in terms of architectural signs, their materials and finish, from the database of townscapes, which we construct on CLOS. Then we analyze the mechanism of Similarities and Differences quantitatively by diversity index, which is used as a measure of species diversity in the field of mathematical ecology. As the result, we clarify that the patterns of Similarities and Differences are realized in multiple levels, such as distribution of signs in the whole townscape, that in each façade of a house, and distribution of façade types.
In an age of high economic growth, Japan constructed considerable infrastructure and public facilities without sufficiently considering management. These public facilities have deteriorated over several decades and they are in need of efficient management. However, owing to several problems, such as financial condition and insufficient information regarding the facilities, it is difficult to maintain these facilities efficiently. This study proposes a method that can be applied to such investigation in most municipalities and describe their fiscal status and maintenance situation. We used radar charts and the PPM matrix to conduct this investigation. The result of this study presents a method of understanding the general current state of a municipality, using publicly available information, and it proposes a technique that can define the problem.
After the Taisho enthronement, the buildings used for the ceremony were granted to various places in Kyoto. This paper shows the analysis of how these buildings in educational facilities were converted. The time of Taisho enthronement was also the time of expanding and arranging an administration of school education. After the enthronement, dismantled buildings were granted to various educatioal institution such as elementary schools, junior high schools and high schools. When looking at the conversion of granted buildings we can see there was a different attitude of each institution toward the buildings. Their differences may have been caused by the each institution's reaction to Taisho enthronement.
W. M. Vories Co. edited scrap books as a design source for their practices. This paper is to illustrate the way of so-called “Style-Adaptation”, through the following 3 analyses on the’SPANISH‘volume. 1) Searching original figures in U. S. periodicals, 2) Analysis on editorial policy of layouts, 3) Attempting formal comparison with designed works. Through these analyses, the followings were concluded. 1) This book is supposed to be edited shortly after 1930, collecting figures of 1919-30, 2) The figures were intendedly ordered as to show, various comparisons, 3) Some of them show significant similarity to designed works.
In “The Journal” of the Asiatic Society, the monographs on the architectures in the Indus basin concentrate in the 1830's. In their monographs, the members of the Society took an attitude which they discovered some ancient towns had been advanced by Alexander's army. And they related the remnants of some old buildings with the trend of the foreign race coming from the West, for example the rule of the Persian Empire, the Alexander's expedition and the rule of Bactrian kingdom.
This paper deals with part of the thoughts of an architect Hendrik Petrus Berlage on Dutch modern architecture through the analysis of his travel writing “Mijn Indische reis”, which is written from his journey around Dutch East Indies in 1923. In the previous researches, however, it has been mentioned merely in fragments by the studies on the modern architecture in the colonies of European powers, and it has not been taken up by the prominent researchers such as Pieter Singelenberg and Manfred Bock. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to analyze “Mijn Indische reis”, abstract the point of Berlage's contention, and position it in his thoughts on architecture. We will clarify that Berlage recognized a need for harmony between“het constructieve (the constructive)”and“het aesthetische (the aesthetic)”in a new society of Indonesia, and saw “het onuitsprekelijke (the ineffable)” and the universal value of “gemeenschapskunst (community art)” through seeing the ancient remains of Java and life on Bali, which relativized his thoughts on architecture centering upon the principle of“het algemeene (universality)”. We will conclude Berlage saw“het onuitsprekelijke”to be a matter closely related to quintessence of art and architecture.
The intention of this paper is to make a thematic explication of Sutemi Horiguchi's architectural thought through inquiring into the way of his analyzing the thought of the tea ceremony. The analysis consists of three chapters as follows: Chapter 2 explicates the meaning of his concept of the tea ceremony as “Constitution of Life” with reference to each concept of “Life” and “Constitution”. Chapter 3 illustrates the practical aspect of “Constitution” through analyzing how Horiguchi grasped the concepts of “Combination” and “Construction” in a tea party.
To enable students to learn practical knowledge of the Building System, Environmental Engineering and Structural Mechanics for architectural design inclusively, we developed an educational program that introduced reverse engineering with 3DCAD and some analytical applications, and have conducted classes in line with the developed program since 2007. This paper describes the outline of the developed program and the conducted classes, and evaluates them from the pedagogical aspect. As a result of analysis of the comprehension of each student taking the class and student's demand for improvement of the class in a questionnaire, the following was clarified. 1. An improvement in the comprehension of more than 80% student was obtained in comparison with before the class began, with the exception of part of the comprehension about Environmental Engineering. 2. Problems with the result in the use of 3DCAD or analytical applications in the class and the class conduction method were identified.