Purpose of this study is to verify the progress on community activities at huge-scale condominium Citia which has the various common facility and community support system, based on time serial research. The Part2 reports the process of 10 years after moving in. Residents' experience of community activities increased. Participation in the activities and consciousness about human contact remain good condition.Through the activities, the human contact and the community of the neighborhood spread.Usage of common facilities has a big influence of residents' life-stage transition. Integrated system of hardware and software can lead to the development of community activities.
The purpose of this report is to highlight the increased need that married women have for personal space within their residences, and to discuss suitable locations for such space in the house plan from a lifestyle perspective. A strong need exists to maintain their own personal workspace in their home. It is not always a room, but sometimes it can be located in a corner of the living room or bedroom. There are two primary needs that govern the placement of the personal space, both of which relate deeply with their responsibility to perform housework and provide childcare. They are “the need to be separate from” and “the need to be adjacent to” the living room.
The purpose of these reports on "Oyaji-no-kai" are, first, to know the general tendencies of their activity locations and the common characteristics and aspects of their tasks. Second, is to clarify what it takes for a community base to get working men actively involved by analyzing the following three points: their activities, the activity locations, and the group network. In this study,questionnaires and interviews performed with consent were carried out to 12 "Oyaji-no-kai" representatives which were based in public elementary schools in the Suginami area. Eight principle members of these groups agreed to be interviewed. The study shows that "Oyaji-no-kai" are both organizationally and financially independent groups which focus on "socializing" and "support". It also showed that the meeting style influences the group's activities. The group provides a variety of participation styles by holding the meetings in two complimentary places: elementary schools and certain pubs.
This study aimed to clarify support systems currently in place to provide information, consultation, and communication support, as well as the space planning for the provision of such support, in designated cancer hospitals in Japan. The following three aspects were examined. 1.Data on all 397 designated cancer hospitals of Japan were collected from the website of the Center for Cancer Control and Information Services. 2.Data from 140 cancer salons run by 25 prefectural and city governments were collected by a telephone survey. 3.Interviews with 5 designated cancer hospitals were conducted to clarify in detail the support systems in place for information, consultation, and communication support, as well as space planning for their provision.
An outdoor experiment with nine visually impaired people was conducted to investigate the navigational effect of sound cues. Loudspeakers were placed at a height of 3m, pointing vertically toward the ground at 10m intervals. Experimental stimuli were birds' tweet and the sound of a creek. These stimuli were used individually or mixed in three different conditions. It was revealed that the visually impaired tend to use birds' tweet to check for the direction while a creek sound for the localization. Moreover, subjects were able to pick up the timbre change caused by coloration as well as volume change of the continuous sound as clues.
Potentials and issues of streets with "flexible zones" were examined and elucidated. Regarding potentials, a street with "flexible zones" has the potentials to create comfortable urban environment while establishing an appropriate balance of vehicles and pedestrians, to contribute to the revitalization of the surrounding district by supporting adjacent land uses, and to create a destination for residents as a symbol of the community. On the other hand, for a success of a street with "flexible zones," the reduction of travel lanes, careful management for pedestrian safety, and an active participation in management by government is necessary.
This paper aims to clarify the spatial composition of a mountain settlement through its formative process in modern times by the scope of the relationship between a water system and a village community in Ainokura, one of world heritage villages in Shirakawa-go and Gokayama. The following three points were clarified. 1. Three types in the relation between a water system and "kumi", the smallest unit in a village community, are classified. Since they reflect on a classification as spatial units in a settlement, the space of a mountain settlement consists of them. 2. While each "kumi" has a dominant family, there is a spatial framework and role in a settlement. 3. The framework of a settlement determines the direction of its expansion and contraction.
This study examines the plans for reconstruction of castle towers in Odawara and Takayama and analyzes their background. Further, it considers the social background of such plans by also taking into account three cities covered in earlier papers. Of the cases considered, the four other than Kumamoto were influenced by earlier reconstruction projects. They aimed to “recreate” the silhouettes of the original castle towers. The plans were tourism-oriented projects commemorating events such as the Emperor's enthronement, the incorporation of the city, or the opening of a railway line. They were never realized due to insufficient financial resources and material regulations.
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the present situation of landscape-enhancements in Arimatsu district which executed authentic preservation and landscape-enhancements by the own system of Nagoya-city. The points of this analysis are the following three points. 1) To present the pattern of landscape-enhancements by classifying the exterior designs, and analyze the relationship between the utilization subsidies, the landscape-enhancement standards, and the designs of traditional buildings. 2) To clarify the characteristics of the cases utilizing subsidies by analyzing the each part of the exterior designs in detail. 3) To grasp the locational trends of landscape-enhancements in the preservation district.
This study is an extension of a previous study on the visual evaluation of commercial areas in Kayutangan Street, Malang. This study focuses on the development of an interactive 3D visualization system to help decision-makers improve the quality of the Kayutangan streetscape. An interactive 3D visualization is an important part of an urban streetscape 3D simulation that presents various alternatives for landscape changes. It also facilitates interaction between users and 3D models. Considering that this system is new and has not been widely used in Malang society, as well as to assist people to understand the system, this paper proposes a user interface design that combines three models of 3D simulation: passive observation, active navigation, and active interaction. The diversity of this 3D simulation is expected to be easy to use and encourage public participation. This paper also emphasizes the utilization of a multimedia application authoring platform in order to produce an effective prototype application. A pilot workshop was conducted to promote the system to the academic community and experts in Malang.
The utilisation of big data and civic technology has grown tremendously in the public sector since 2010. Within the field of urban planning and design, the usage of data generated by civic technology applications, in order to identify the needs of a particular community or region, is starting to gain attention. However on the other hand additional research and exploration is called for to better understand the issues revolving around the development of useful civic technology tools. The purpose of this research is to identify the following. 1)Identify the general functions of civic apps which have been currently developed, and its rate of utilisation by local government organisations. 2) Identify the current structural data properties of big data being generated by civic apps. 3)Identify the current issues in developing useful (participatory) and flexible (collaborative, transparent) civc technology tools and the phase (from the development of applications to utilisation of data) in which these issues are centered .
The purpose of this follow-up study, on how 93 single-family homes have changed since the1988-survey, is to establish a framework that supports the improvement activities of the residents themselves. 1. Utilizing the official website of Riverside County Property Information Center, ninety target houses are confirmed in Assessor-County Clerk-Recorder. 80% of the houses were resold regardless of the year that they were built, and their tax assessed values mainly correlated with their floor sizes and communities. 2. From the questionnaire surveys and interviews, housing prices were found to be closely related to economic and market trends. Residents thought that regular house and yard maintenance enhance asset values, and they were actively making efforts to improve their properties. 3. Housing renovation work has become a diverse process, involving both family members and contractors who are hired to do some of the work.
The Ainu settlement at Nibutani in 1940 was confirmed to have had at least 35 ethnic Ainu houses and at least three ethnic Japanese houses. The architectural buildings are categorized into four types: "thatched-wall thatched-roof hipped-roof architectural structure" (Type A), "spindle-wall thatched-roof hipped-roof architectural structure" (Type B), "thatched-roof gable-roof architectural structure" (Type C), and "roof-shingle or tin-roof architectural structure" (Type D). Many ethnic Ainu people lived in Type B architectural structures, using architectural structures of Type A or Type C as barns or stables. Type D modified residential housing is considered to have become more prevalent only after 1940.
This paper discusses how a construction organization which was called Shurikata managed the budget for construction at Kamowakeikazuchi Shrine. Based on diaries and account books kept at Kamowakeikazuchi Shrine, the Shurikata managed the budget for construction at the shrine in the following two ways: money, and materials. After the Shurikata received money from Kamowakeikazuchi Shrine, they managed the money, and reported how much money they had and how they used the money to the shrine. In addition, If the Shurikata was requested to prepare lumber for construction by Kamowakeikazuchi Shrine, they fell trees, lumbered them, and called bids on the rest of the tree.
To evaluate the historical meaning of the successive diminution method used in the "KIKUDAKI-NO CHUMON", this study analyze some Japanese typical architectural manuals "Kiwarisho". The manual "KIKUDAKI-NO CHUMON" is one of the oldest "Kiwarisho", and "JUJU-NO MA-NO KOTO" is a part of “KIKUDAKI-NO CHUMON”. It describs about the successive diminution of the Pagoda column spacing. It was written to the 14th century, and the oldest one. Therefore, the method description are important in the history of the architectural technology. This study clarifies unique historical position of this method description.
This paper is the second part of a study of the acceptance of French architectural theories in Modern Japan. Focusing on Jumpei Nakamura (1887-1977), Japanese professor architect, this paper is intended as a consideration of the impact of French architectural theories on his pair of notebooks designated “Kenchiku-gaku-sôkô” (manuscripts of architectural theory). The notebooks are based on the studies of architectural theories and construction methods on French and Japanese references. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to explore a little further into the characteristic of the French references which Nakamura quoted to formulate his notebooks and architectural theory.
I considered the form of the water tower at the former Nakajima water purification plant in Nagaoka city from the viewpoint of design, and the following points become clear. The adoptions of the Jince type tank, the outer wall and the cylindrical tower bent circumference wall surface meet all the environmental condition in cold districts. As a result, it became that the vertical plane of the water tower showed a certain characteristic style. The water tower was designed with the results searched the technique suitable for Nagaoka area and the form in consideration of an environmental condition in winter.
This paper investigates, the type and its transformation of spatial composition in Craig Ellwood's works focusing on "openness". Analysis deals with 28 works and consists of composition of site, composition of the space between entry and living room, composition of living room and bed room, composition of living room. The results of this investigation are following; In the 1950s, the openness of the space constitutes the continuity of interior and exterior space by lengthening constitution materials outside. In the 1960s, it constitutes the continuity of interior and exterior space by expressing constitution materials outside and gaining large windows.
1. Through the investigation into operative examples as for the preservation technique according to the part that the Helsinki City Planning Department applied, it was confirmed that a local detailed plan is going to be made while fixing its eyes on a reevaluation and the conversion purpose of the existing building as a sheet of plastic from an initial stage in consideration for a local detailed plan to prescribe preservation requirements. 2. This operative technique brings the flexibility and diversity that met an individual building in a preservation requirements and it is thought that it functions in raising originality and quality of the conversion architecture.
This study has two purposes. One is to clear the characteristics of refugees and their transition since disaster occurrence until occupancy of temporary housing from the viewpoint of the household attribute and the location of temporary housing. The other is to consider temporary housing in undamaged area through why to select and how to get information. The transition process of refuge was various. They changed place many times within the range of several hundred kilometers. The tendency was strong for elderly households. The temporary housing in undamaged area accepted refugees with various backgrounds, responding to their individual situations.
This study examines constructs and their relationships associated with the reconstruction process in local communities. Methods of assistance toward recovery and reconstruction are also discussed. The research area is in Wanazu district in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. A questionnaire survey for residents of Wanazu district was conducted to inquire residents' perceptions. The constructs are confirmed by quantitative data on the perceptions of residents. Results indicated that not only restoration of structures and communication activities in the area, but also re-establishment of community's self-reliance and identity through various activities in the local community are extremely important for post-disaster reconstruction process.
Discussed items are as follows. 1. Definition of the works made by Shintaro Kiuchi. 2. Classification of the stained glass works with the motif of the design. 3. Causal relationship between a lot of ship design and the fact that Shintaro Kiuchi was fond of ships.
The author's answer to the misunderstandings that has bearings on the central point of questionsby Dr. MATSUNAMI are shown. The important aspects are indicated as follows: 1.The definition of the achievement of Shintaro Kiuchi. 2. The number of intended stained glass works.