This paper examines land selection process for new factory and development of worker's settlement by Nippon Steel
Co.Ltd. in the 1930's from 3 scales, region, city and settlements. It was first time for Nippon Steel
to construction of factory at a place near big cities. That location was a general tendency of at that time. Japanese government and Hyogo
Prefecture restricted development by Nippon Steel
aiming at realization of ideal city planning. The plan of urban development of Hyogo
prefecture and Nippon Steel
were differed greatly. Nippon Steel
acquired the company residence sites as a factory, and constructed company houses.