This study examines that action of children and mothers from a new aspect of sectional perspective. In this study, I pay attention to IKATA (whereabouts and movement) of mother and children in the Skip Floor (SF) housing, and intend to contribute to a sectional designing of the house that is considered for the communication of parent and child.
Spatial cognition and the distance to others in the horizontal field of view have already been studied. However, the studies including three-dimensional elements of space such as height is not sufficient. Particularly the study for children is less, only The change of perspective due to the body movement of children is less than adults so the environment may play a role in the change of perspective. Therefore, it should take into account the spread of the cross section in the environment that children spend. In the SF housing, because the space is connected a family is easy to detect the presence of another person, and have characteristic that we can talk with and look each other. and We have not been studied a distance feeling that mother and children feels each other in sectional space of housing and how to use the space yet.
First, we conducted behavior observation and questionnaire survey of children and mothers.
In behavior observation, we make certain that the transformation of children and mothers whereabouts and actions. Subjects stay 30 minutes in the skip floor housing, in this time we instructed mother to move every 10 minutes, but the children were allowed to choose whereabouts by themselves. After spending on the skip floor, we asked mothers and children about the psychological state when they spent in SF housing. And from the viewpoint of psychology, consider the sense of distance that affects the way of mother and child spend.
As a result of behavioral observations, as means to adjust the sense of distance to the mother, children had an action to look at the state of their mother from upper floor. These behaviors that children look down their mothers is characteristic.
Also, in SF housing, children are easy to grasp what their mothers are doing, even if their mothers and children are away from each other, and it becomes easy for children to feel closer to the existence of their mothers.
By watching the mother's appearance, children feel that the mother is nearby, and it seems that children will feel secure. Likewise, for the mother, she was relieved by the connection of space, even though the child was in a high position and the child's body could only see a part.
In brief, it seems necessary to think about the connection between space that considering visual and sound.
From this research, "visible" is important for both mothers and children, because they capture each other's state and existence. Among them, looking down from a high position makes it easy for children to adjust the sense of distance with the mother.
We think it is necessary to create a space where children can positively recognize their mother faces, appearances, movements.
Due to the above We think that it is important to locate the child's whereabouts higher than the mother's whereabouts so that the children can look down on their mother's figure