The instrumental neutron activation analysis has been applied to the multielemental analysis of eight samples of the Ko-Kutani ware including the Aote's that is one of semi-porcelain body. Each sample was compared with concentration of the useful index element, such as Ta, Sc, Ba, Hf, Th and rare earth, to discriminate the Arita group from the Kutani group. Eight samples were judged as products of the Arita, just as in previous paper.
Radioprotective effect has been observed in mice which have subcutaneously received a single dose of abundant inorganic zinc or manganese 24 hours before γ-ray irradiation with a sublethal dose. Mechanism of the radioprotection has been suggested to be an abundant production of metallothionein (MT) induced by the metals. But process of the protection might be more complicated because immunological and hematopoietic functions are remarkably inhibited by the irradiation and many zinc binding-compounds with biological functions are known at present. Furthermore, the effect of these metals has been observed by the administration only before the irradiation. Radioprotective effect was shown in mice which were administered with not only zinc and manganese, but also magnesium. It seems that mechanism of the radioprotection of magnesium is different from that of zinc or manganese since magnesium is not known to induce MT production. It was observed that the relative concentration ratio of radioactivity in tissues and organs at 7th day (after injection of65Zn) showed a marked difference between in irradiated and non-irradiated mice.
Twenty subjects inhaled C15O and its dynamics were monitored to determine when equi-librium between the aorta and kidney occurred. One minute after inhalation, the increase in radioactivity in the aorta paralleled that in the kidney, but thereafter, both declined slowly. The ratio of aorta/kidney radioactivity become constant 1 min after inhalation and remained unchanged for 4 min. Thus renal blood volume can be measured 1 min after inhalation of C15O its distribution in the aorta and kidney has attained equilibrium.
A method for evaluating 1 cm dose equivalent rates from a pulse height distribution obtained by a 76.2mmφ spherical NaI (Tl) scintillation spectrometer was described. Weak leakage radiation from nuclear facilities were also measured and dose equivalent conversion factor and effective energy of leakage radiation were evaluated from 1cm dose equivalent rate and exposure rate.