The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-3329
Print ISSN : 0040-8727
ISSN-L : 0040-8727
Volume 57 , Issue 1
Showing 1-13 articles out of 13 articles from the selected issue
  • Rikio Musha
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 1-7
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Masabumi Yamasaki, Tsunetake Oikawa
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 8
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Yoshito Takaoka, Tokizo Yamaguchi, Kinori Kosaka
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 9-15
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    1. The serum A/G decreases after the removal of the parotid glands in dogs and rabbits.
    2. The injection of parotin in doses of 10mg. per kg. of body weight raises the serum A/G of normal rabbits, but does not change the blood sugar level. We assert, therefore, that the parotid gland participates in serum protein.
    3. We discussed the possibility that the cause of parotid enlargement of malnutrition could be explained by our experiments.
    4. Parotin causes leukopenia of normal rabbits on the beginning of injection and thereafter marked leukocytosis.
    5. Parotin action of leukocytosis in normal white rats does not depend upon the existence of their adrenal cortexes.
    We would like to express best thanks to Dr. Y. Takahashi for the technical advise in the serum A/G determination and to Drs. Akira Ikushima and H. Momoi for the examination with the Tiselius electrophoresis.
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  • Masabumi Yamasaki, Fumio Chiba
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 16
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
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  • Shinji Takahashi, Junnosuke Obara
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 17-20
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
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  • Hajime Masamune, Masahiro Tokura, Ryosuke Satoh
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 21-29
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    14 pig pancreases contained all a Group A lipoid. The tissue residues after extraction with hot alcohol was group-inactive.
    The group lipoid was prepared in an electrophoretically homogeneous state. It analyzed: N 4.2%, P 3.2%, ferricyanide reduction of the hydrolysate as glucose 9.2%, ash 3.5%; and inhibited specifically the- isoagglutination of A erythrocytes at a dilution of 1:2×103. It dissolved
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  • Hajime Masamune, Shigeru Tsuiki, Ryosuke Satoh
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 31-41
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
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    Extracts with 10% NaCl from pancreases (from persons belonging to Group A) were fractioned and three carbohydrates (preparations) were obtained.
    Two of those carbohydrates involved glucosamine, chondrosamine, galactose, mannose and L-fucose as sugar components, and one of them, which was glacial acetic acid-insoluble, was Group A active. The remaining carbohydrate contained glucosamine and glucuronic and sulfuric acid.
    Through the Grant Committee of the Science Council was given a grant from the Education Department that aided this work. H. Masamune.
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  • Osamu Orihara
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 43-55
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
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  • Osamu Orihara
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 57-68
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
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  • Koiti Motokawa
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 69-77
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Retinal induction in the human eye was measured by the method of electro-stimulation to investigate its dependence on various properties of the inducing figure such as area, contour, configuration, angle, etc.
    1. Direct induction by which a physiological effect remaining within the area pre-illuminated is meant depends little on the area of the retinal image unless it is too small.
    2. The same is true for indirect induction set up simultaneously around a retinal image; for example, the indirect induction set up by a half-ring at its center was found much weaker than that set up by a broken ring of the same diameter, although the area illuminated was the same in the 2 cases.
    3. Indirect induction becomes weaker as the distance from the margin of the inducing figure increases. The gradient of induction is, however, less steep when more than one inducing source are present (summation).
    4. Angles contained in an inducing figure are an effective factor for producing indirect induction. This relation was illustrated by two examples.
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  • Syoiti Yamagata, Tomitada Chida
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 79-84
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    From these experiments. on 88 digestive disease patients the following conclusion can be brought out:
    1. The blood glyocgen content in 10 healthy persons lies between 33 and 73mg% (the average value 53mg%), therefore, 30-74mg% is regarded as the normal range.
    2. The blood glycogen contents brought out from 44 gastric cancer patients show a higher value (110.5-16.5mg%, average 63.5mg%) than the normal blood glycogen content, especially a higher value was given in the impossible cases of gastrectomy (average 63.5mg%) than in the possible group of gastrectomy (average 54mg%). Furthermore, according to the radiological classification of our Clinic, the average value of Type 2 (65.8mg%) is higher than that of other Types (Type 3, 50mg%, Type 4, 59mg%).
    3. The blood glycogen content of 28 gastric and duodenal ulcer sufferers is a little higher (89.5-21.5mg%, average 55.5mg%), but there is no evident difference between gastric and duodenal ulcer cases.
    4. The blood glyocgen content of liver patients is also a little higher (82-27.5mg%, average 58.2mg%).
    5. The blood glyocgen content of 6 cages of diabetes mellitus shows high values (114-47mg%, average 69.5mg%), especially in the cases of Type 2, severe form, according to the classification of our Clinic.
    6. Consequently, it can be concluded that an elevated glycogen content in the blood indicates not only a disturbed function of the liver, but also an abnormal carbohydrate metabolism in the cases of digestive diseases.
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  • Syoiti Yamagata, Sukehiko Seino, Tadashi Nakao
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 85-92
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Our experiments present a new micromethod which makes it possible to perform the accurate estimation of the blood catalase in the 0.02cc. of blood sample and that of the plasma catalase in the 0.1cc. of blood sample, and we report the normal content of the blood and plasma catalase in men and rabbits.
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  • Syoiti Yamagata, Tadashi Nakao
    1952 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 93-99
    Published: December 25, 1952
    Released: November 28, 2008
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    From our experiments we had the following results: the blood catalase content changes for itself in spite of the close connection with erythrocytes and hemoglobin and it is available in the determination of prognosis of various digestive disease patients to a certain extent.
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