Acidic glycoconjugates (glycosaminoglycans and glycoprotein) were obtained, from myometrium of ovariectomized rabbit under estrogenic condition, by pronase digestion, fractionation with cetylpyridinium chloride and Dowex 1 column chromatography, in succession. Composition of acidic glyco-conjugates was determined enzymatically, employing Streptomyces hyaluronidase, chondroitinase AC II, chondroitinase ABC and crude heparinase. Each glycocon-jugate was distributed in 3_??_8 fractions obtained by Dowex 1 column chromato-graphy, indicating its charge and/or molecular heterogeneity. Acidic glyco-conjugates consisted of hyaluronic acid (13.4%), chondroitin sulfates A plus C (39.4 %), dermatan sulfate (24.6%), heparan sulfate (18.7%) and acidic glycoprotein (most probably sialoglycoprotein) (3.9%). Composition of acidic glycoconjugates in myometrium differed remarkably from that in whole uterus. Myometrium was abundant in chondroitin sulfate isomers (chondroitin sulfates A plus C plus dermatan sulfate), but lacked sulfated glycoprotein. The present results suggested that myometrium and endometrium of uterus may play quite different roles in reproduction.
The effects of folate deficiency in post-weanling male rats in an active avoidance learning test were studied. Ingestion of a folate-free diet for 3 weeks markedly decreased serum and erythrocyte folate concentrations but had only a slight effect on growth rate. The decrease in blood folates was correlated with an increase in the number of trials necessary to reach criterion in the learning test. There was no motor impairment since the mean escape latency was the same in control and folate-deficient animals. These results suggest that folic acid deficiency started at weaning could be responsible for learning impairment.
The results of our surgical treatment of 1, 000 patients with intracranial saccular aneurysm were analyzed with special consideration for age, site of aneurysm, preoperative condition and operative timing. The results on discharge were as follows: 543 cases, excellent; 186, good; 117, fair; 93, poor; and 61, dead. About three-fourths of the cases except for 23 cases of vertebrobasilar aneurysm showed either excellent or good result. The mortality rate became worse with aging. The results fairly correlated with the preoperative grades by Hunt and Hess (1968), but the cases of Grade la were unexpectedly worse. The timing of operation influenced the mortality rate; especially, the cases operated within 3 to 7 days following the last subarach-noid hemorrhage bore poor results. Follow-up studies revealed that excellent and good cases increased and poor cases decreased. The mortality rate for each year decreased annually to 2% in 1975. This improvement may be attributed to the advancement in the operative management with supplementary procedures and in the treatment for cerebral angiospasms and general condition.
The 1, 080 cases of intracranial saccular aneurysms, which were seen at our clinic during the period from June 1961 to September 1975, were subjected to the analysis on the location of the aneurysms, age distribution and sex incidence.
By means of liquid chromatography we investigated free amino acids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (161 subjects) and in plasma (138 subjects) in various neurological diseases and in controls. A general increase in CSF amino acids was found in Group C (samples exhibiting both pleocytosis and increasing CSF protein concentration) and in “spinal canal block” and “neuro-Behget's syndrome”. Also, some abnormalities were detected in these groups with regard to changes in CSF cells, protein or IgG%. In the case of “Guillain-Barré syndrome” we noted an increase in CSF alanine, glycine, methionine, arginine and the branched-chain group. In “multiple sclerosis” an increase was evident in CSF alanine, in plasma alanine and arginine, and in the plasma: CSF ratio of tyrosine. In patients of “motor neuron diseases (MND)” CSF glutamic acid, alanine, histidine and arginine all indicated an increase, along with the plasma: CSF ratio of tyrosine. In Group C and in “neuro-Behget's syndrome” glycine, methionine and lysine were lowered in the plasma: CSF ratio. Also, the ratio of valine in the former and histidine in the latter indicated a decrease. These results can be supposed to reflect either biochemical abnormalities of plasma and/or the CNS, or changes in the transport systems of the blood-brain barrier.
The effect of immunoregulatory α-globulin (IRA) in vitro on T-lymphocytes (rosette forming cells) and B-lymphocytes (surface IgG and IgM) in peripheral blood of healthy subjects and the patients with connective tissue diseases were investigated. Marked inhibitory effects of IRA were observed on T-lymphocytes and surface IgG-bearing lymphocytes from healthy subjects. The effect of IRA was almost in parallel with the amount of IRA and with the length of incubation period at 37°C. The inhibitory effects of IRA were more remarkable on surface IgM-bearing lymphocytes from the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and those with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) than on those from healthy subjects. On the other hand, the effects of IRA were more remarkable on surface IgG-bearing lymphocytes from the cases of SLE than on those from healthy subjects.
Microcytotoxicity assay revealed that peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with chronic active hepatitis were cytotoxic against cultured rat liver cells established by Coon in 1968. Non E-rosette forming cells were cytotoxic in 26 of 28 patients (93%) with chronic active hepatitis, whereas E-rosette forming cells were cytotoxic in only 1 of them. Either an addition of 10μg/well of aggregated IgG to non E-rosette forming cell culture or a preincuba-tion of non E-rosette forming cells with 100μg/ml of aggregated IgG significantly reduced the cytotoxicity from 62.9±12.8% to 32.8±11.6% or to 25.6±11.3% (p<0.001). An addition of antihuman IgG/Fc also reduced the cytotoxicity to 37.4±17.2%. Significant cytotoxicity of positively selected EA-rosette forming cells was observed in 4 of 10 patients with chronic active hepatitis and that of positively selected EAC-rosette forming cells was demonstrated in 3, whereas in any of these patients neither non EA-rosette forming cells nor non EAC-rosette forming cells were cytotoxic. Cultured liver cells used in this study were seen to possess insoluble liver specific antigen on their surface membranes, but not soluble liver specific lipoprotein of Meyer zum Biischenfelde, by using an indirect immunofluorescence technique. These results suggested that effector cells are Fcreceptor-bearing cells and that the mechanism of the reaction may be mediated in an antibody-dependent cell-mediated reaction directed against insoluble liver specific membrane antigen(s) rather than soluble one.
Systemic Candida infection from the gastrointestinal tract was examined in mice. Candida albicans was undetectable in the blood, lungs, spleen, liver or kidneys of mice 24hr after oral Candida administration even under condition of severe damage to the host defence system, but became detectable in the liver and kidneys of mice when they received combined treatment of antibiotics, x-ray irradiation and dexamethasone 3 and 5 days after oral Candida administration.
After 3-day-old rat skins were treated by freezing and thawing procedures, small empty spaces were formed both in keratohyalin granules and in the cytoplasm of the granular cells. When the skin specimens thus treated were further incubated in 50mM Tris-HCI buffer, pH 8.6, for 15min, keratohyalin granules were solubilized, leaving electron dense rims. Small electron dense or less dense particles were detaching from these rims. Cell membranes were also disrupted at various regions. Desmosomal structures in the stratum granulosum cells were well preserved.
The results of cytology, colposcopy and target biopsy in 91 cases diagnosed by conization as uterine cervical carcinoma in situ and 39 cases diagnosed as micro-invasive carcinoma were compared. Lesions limited to the ectocervix could be identified by colposcopy, and those identified as carcinoma in situ by cytology or target biopsy were all included in the group diagnosed as carcinoma in situ by conization. Among the 29 cases of carcinoma in situ limited to the ectocervix, 19 (66%) were similarly diagnosed by both cytology and target biopsy, allowing for us to avoid conization. For cases diagnosed as microinvasive carcinoma using target biopsy, conization must also be performed in order to determine the depth of invasion. Even in cases diagnosed as dysplasia or carcinoma in situ by target biopsy, when it is thought that the lesion may extend into the cervical canal or in cases where agreement with the cytological results is not found, conization is necessary.
A child was reported here who has the hypoplastic optic nerve, absent septum pellucidum and endocrinological disorders. Growth hormone deficiency, anti-diuretic hormone deficiency and mild hypothyroidism were observed. He has been treated with thyroid hormone and DDAVP.
The distribution of antibodies against swine and Hong Kong influenza viruses among hogs in Miyagi Prefecture was examined. Of 456 serum specimens collected since July 1977, 12 were found to be positive against swine influenza virus and 6 against Hong Kong influenza virus. Such serological results reveal that swine and Hong Kong influenza viruses coexist in Japanese hogs and suggest thatt swine influenza virus reappeared in mid-1977.
Influence of labetalol and 5-(1-hydroxy-2-aminoethyl) salieylamide (SA), a part of the chemical structure of labetalol, on the fluorimetric assay of catecholamine (CA) was studied. Both labetalol and SA have a weak but significant fluorescence which is indistinguishable from that of CA with peaks of excitation/emission wavelengths at 410/490. It is thus concluded that an apparent increase in urinary CA observed in patients receiving labetalol is caused by the contamination of labetalol and/or its metabolite, and that the evaluation of urinary CA in hypertensive patients must be done prior to the use of labetalol to avoid any confusion in diagnosis of pheo-chromoeytoma.